Arco Felice, Old & New
There really is a part of Naples called Arco Felice (Happy Arch!). It's actually part of the town of Pozzuoli and is adjacent to Bacoli along the beach almost to Baia as you approach the western end of the Gulf of Naples along the sea-side. It was, in fact, a port in ancient times, serving Cuma. Currently, the population is about 10,000. Arco Felice is smack in the middle of all the Flegrean lakes of mythology: Lake Fusaro, Lake Averno and Lake Lucrino. (See photo at bottom of page.)
The old arch, itself (photo, right) is a strange item. I have passed beneath it many times, and I think I must have been under the impression that it had been at one time part of a Roman aqueduct, but that is not the case. (That the road beneath such an ancient structure is still kept up and used is, in itself, remarkable.)
The arch spans an artificial gap in Mt. Grillo. That gap was one of those works planned by emperor Domitian in 95 AD as part of general construction of the Via Domiziana road to connect Rome and Naples. Road construction in ancient Rome (and, indeed, in modern Italy) worked on the principle of "Why go around it when you can go through it? Thus, they banged through part of the mountain and built two sturdy cement sustaining walls in order to support the steep sides of the gap. To connect one side with the other, they built a wall lined with brick, with cement supports and with an internal passage and arched vault. The imposing structure is 20 meters high and 6 meters wide.
Again, nothing has been found along the arch or in the walls on the hills on either side to indicate that the passage was ever used to convey water. Immediately on the right as you pass the arch there is an entrance to an underground space. There are additional such spaces on the left. The base of the arch still conserves the ancient Roman basalt. Farther into the valley on the left side of the road you can also see the Cuma-side entrance to the Grotto of Cocceius. The arch is no longer really that close to the part of town called Arco Felice; the arch, itself, is best approached from the large via Domiziana highway as it passes by Lake Averno. There is a turn to the left, and you follow signs directing you to Cuma. The arch was a portal to Cuma in Roman times; the Romans got to Cuma the same way—leave Naples, go up the Domiziana, hang a left after the lake and go through the arch.
I don't know how those 10,000 Happy Archers feel about themselves; that is, are they happier than residents of such places in Italy as Belgioioso (Beautifully Joyful)? Or of the many towns in the world called, simply, Happy Valley? Or of Intercourse, Pennsylvania? Who knows, but presumably, those folks are all happier than the people in Hell (in the US state of Michigan), Gravesend (in the UK), or Purgatorio (in the Italian province of Salerno). Whatever the case, the 10,000 are very optimistic, for they have chosen to live on the slopes of Monte Nuovo (New Mountain) (photo, right), the youngest volcano in Europe. It was born in a matter of days, beginning on the morning of September 29, 1538. It has not been active since that time, and they tell me that if you call the Seismic Jitters Hot-Line, you get a reassuring recording that says, "What are you worried about? Nothing can go wrong...go wrong...go wro....
Photo credit: top photo by Napoli Underground.
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